Dog Hypothyroidism: Know About The Symptoms and Treatment

Dog Hypothyroidism

Just like humans, your pet dogs could also develop such a condition in which his thyroid glands stop functioning properly. This lifestyle disease is also known as thyroid. This gland is located near your dog’s neck and is responsible for producing the hormone T4 (thyroxine) that plays a vital role in his metabolism.

Dogs could develop it resulting in malfunctioning of the gland. This gland works like the thermostat of the body and destruction of the gland causes hypothyroidism. This condition is more common in dogs than in other pet animals although it is treatable with appropriate medication. In rare cases, it would result in cancer and congenital defects. You can read more on thyroid carcinoma in dogs at


How to identify whether your dog is affected by hypothyroidism?

Your pet might show symptoms of having developed this condition. But how should you know about it? In clinical terms, your dog’s low thyroid levels can impact his organ systems. These symptoms could vary from dog to dog. Slowing down of your pup’s metabolism can be visible through various symptoms. Some of these include:

  • Weight gain
  • Increased heart rate
  • Changes in appetite
  • Lethargy
  • Mental fatigue and dullness
  • Hair loss or changes in skin
  • Cold intolerance
  • Reproductive issues
  • Increased thirst and urination

The diagnosis

If you observe some changes in your dog, you might consider taking him to a vet for a checkup. Many clinical signs often improve with thyroid medication and the Vet could be the best person to diagnose your dog based on testing and screening. Some blood tests can determine whether your pooch displays any abnormalities associated with this ailment.

No one wishes their pet to develop a condition that could impair their metabolism and tell upon their overall health. Just in case your dog happens to develop it, make sure to feed him right along with the proper medication as administered by his Vet. Appropriate nutrition offering the perfect balance of proteins, vitamins, and minerals is a must for your hound.

Experts suggest against a host of food items for dogs living with this ailment. Grains, beef products, canned food with artificial preservatives are a complete no-no. Your dog with a thyroid disorder could have a sensitive stomach or become prone to allergies. It’s in his best interest that you consult a nutritional expert to offer him what’s best for him. For more information on what you should avoid feeding your dog suffering from hypothyroidism, click here.

Dogs living with hypothyroidism require at least 18% of the protein in their diets regularly. Protein can be sourced from both animal and plant sources and aids in building and maintaining his lean muscles. Fats comprise a major part of your dog’s diet as it releases fatty acids needed for his coat. Fats can be sourced from legumes, meat, and fish and attribute to your pet’s shiny fur. Fruits and vegetables enable nutritional balance and can be easily sourced from vegetables and fruits.

Is hypothyroidism treatable?

Well, the answer is yes. Your Vet might prescribe medicine thyroxine that would work as a substitute hormone for your four-legged buddy. This works to balance the low thyroid function in your pet. Note that the dosage would vary depending on his thyroid levels and body weight.

The dosage can be regulated based on regular screening and testing that’s done every three months. Specific breeds of canines run a higher risk of developing hypothyroidism than others. For instance, Cocker Spaniel, Doberman Pinscher, Golden Retriever, and Dachshund are among the medium and large-sized fur buddies that might be predisposed to developing it. Sudden dulling of coat, excessive fur shedding are a few things you might notice right away.

Sometimes your dog could be susceptible to an autoimmune condition of the disease known as thyroiditis. An accurate diagnosis is important for this as in most cases it is caused by an underlying state which could be a type of cancer. This disease is relatively rare in canine friends. Left untreated it can affect other organs.

Although there is no cure for hypothyroidism in canines, treatment with appropriate doses of levothyroxine is the only way to ensure an active and healthy life for your pet. The

Good thing is that hypothyroidism can be brought under control.


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